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East Coast scholarship winners now call Hawke's Bay home.

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EIT East Coast students Tihei Turei and Jarrod Rogers-Hughes are hopefully on their way to successful careers after winning the inaugural Te Toka Plumbing and Electrical Scholarships – an initiative sparked by the late Dr Api Mahuika.

The Te Runanganui o Ngati Porou and EIT Trades Training Scholarships, will cover their accommodation costs at the EIT Hawke’s Bay student village for the year, and the EIT Hawke’s Bay Maori and Pasifika Trade Training Scholarships to cover their programme fees. The total value of each scholarship nearly $11,000.

For Rangatukia 20-year-old Turei, the chance to do his Plumbing and Gas Fitting Certificate is particularly special.

“It was one of Papa Api’s ideas and that makes it really special to me,” he says. “It feels great to be doing this because I know what it is like to have a student loan.”

Turei schooled at Te Kura Kaupapa Maori Te Waiu o Ngati Porou, did a year at EIT

Tairawhiti doing the weekly Trades Academy, and later completed a level 3 carpentry course in Wellington.

His goal this time is simple – to get a good career under his belt.

And it is similar for 19-year-old Rogers-Hughes.

The Ruatoria teen has completed the level 2 and 3 carpentry courses at the coast campus, and also did the Trades Academy while at Ngati Memorial College.

“This is a really good opportunity for me,” he says.

Rogers-Hughes will study electrical trades at EIT Hawke’s Bay.

EIT Tairawhiti campus director Jan Mogford says the scholarships offer a significant opportunity for the young men.

The two will study three days a week at the campus, with one or two days out in the community on work experience.

“That goes a long way towards turning their studies into an apprenticeship. There are no guarantees in life but you have a lot of people working with you on this,” she told the two.

“You will eventually be the tradesmen everyone will be proud of.”

TRONPnui chief financial officer Allan Jensen said the Te Toka initiative would encourage both training and later contribution to the local community in an area that had a shortage of tradesmen.

Havelock North's new kura kaupapa features in Ministers budget speech.

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Vote Education - Budget 2015 Presentation to Education Cross Sector Forum

Hi everyone. It’s great to see you all again this afternoon. Some of you are new to this lock-up; others have been here before. Regardless, I welcome you all and thank you for your ongoing commitment to education and to the future for all our children and young people.

I’d also like to welcome the Under-Secretary for Education David Seymour who is here with us today. Like me, and all of you, Mr Seymour believes passionately in the ability of education to transform the lives of young people and I’m delighted he’s been able to join us.

I hope that you have found the last 24 hours constructive - it is invaluable for us to hear from you on the best way to ensure achievement for all our students

Right now, one thing is probably top of your minds - what’s in the Budget for education.

Budget 2014 saw spending on ECE, primary and secondary education rise to $10.1 billion. That’s more than we spend on police, defence, roads and foreign affairs combined - and that’s before considering our $3.04 billion investment in tertiary education.

Of course, every Budget brings new opportunities, and new claims on funding. As a Government, we have to balance these against those across the whole of the public sector, and ensure we are responsively and effectively using taxpayers’ money.

Much spending in education is about keeping up with demand - for new and more modern schools, for more quality early childhood education services, for better digital technologies. This Budget continues our pattern of increased spending in all these areas, and many more.

Education has always been a priority for this Government. When we took office in 2008 our predecessors had budgeted to spend $7.9 billion on early childhood, primary and secondary education in the following year. Today’s Budget takes the corresponding figure to $10.8 billion - an increase of over $2.8 billion or almost 36 per cent, at a time when the Government’s spending options have been severely constrained by a global financial meltdown and its aftermath.

While some other sectors have had funding squeezed, the Government has continued to prioritise education. We have done this because we know that a great education is the thing that can make the most difference to the lives of our children. The benefits are particularly pronounced for Māori and Pasifika, and for children from poorer families.

Budget 2015 continues the focus on meeting education demand whilst also providing and extending a series of initiatives targeted at kids who, through no fault of their own, are among our most vulnerable citizens.

The value of education

Over the last few years, we’ve spent a lot of time, effort and money on encouraging participation, improving achievement rates, and fostering collaboration across the education sector. We’ve challenged old assumptions and developed new approaches, tailoring what we do to match the needs of our kids.

We’ve done this because the value of starting education early and staying longer is well-established. The more time kids spend in the system the more likely they are to achieve. And, when kids who’ve gained qualifications become parents themselves, evidence tells us they’ll instil in their children the same hunger for educational success. We’re not just helping individuals succeed; we’re developing a cycle of success that benefits the whole country.

We’re already seeing the fruits of all our efforts - ECE participation and NCEA achievement have risen dramatically over the past five years. These gains weren’t made by continuing to do the things that equipped most students for the future but left a sizeable number - about 20 per cent - behind. They were made by trying new things.

The Vote Education Budget package

Over the next four years the Government will be investing $442.9 million of operating funding and $243.8 million in capital funding into Vote Education - bringing total expenditure in the coming year to the $10.8 billion I mentioned earlier. This will enable us to meet demand pressures and increases in the costs of schooling, to provide further support for students in greatest need, and to provide more frontline services to raise educational achievement.

I would like to walk you quickly through the Budget package. I’m sure you’ll have some detailed questions, and there are a number of Ministry officials who will be available to answer these after I’ve finished and returned to the House to hear the Budget read.

Raising ECE participation

Raising ECE participation is important to us. All the research shows that the earlier a child gets into quality early childhood education, the more they achieve later. Conversely, kids that start behind too often stay behind.

We’re making good progress here. The national ECE participation rate is now over 96 per cent - less than 2 per cent short of the 98 per cent target we have set for ECE participation by 2016. Recent increases in Māori and Pasifika ECE participation rates are especially pleasing (up 3.5 per cent and 4.8 per cent respectively since 2012) but they still have a way to go to reach our target from 93.8 and 91 per cent respectively.

Budget 2015 includes an extra $74.9 million over four years to cover the cost of more children attending ECE services than ever before.

New and better schools

You will have already heard the Prime Minister’s announcement about our new schools initiative, but it bears emphasising that Budget 2015 commits a total of $373.9 million to improving schools’ infrastructure over the next four years.

Most notably, seven new schools and kura kaupapa are being built around the country and four existing schools are being expanded at a cost of $332 million. They will provide space for about 4,600 students.

The seven new schools are:

- Two primary schools in Auckland at Kumeu and Scott Point

- Rototuna Senior High in Hamilton

- A primary school at Rolleston, near Christchurch

- Three kura kaupapa Māori schools in Whakatane, Gisborne and Havelock North.

We are also committing $4.9 million to accelerate our national programme of earthquake resilience assessments of state school buildings.

You will also no doubt be reassured to note our $34 million commitment to paying our increased insurance bill.

Meeting school running costs

Budget 2015 acknowledges the increased costs of running a school, even in a low inflation environment. Schools operational grants are increased by $42.3 million over the next four years. This is a 1 per cent increase, which will deliver around $12 million in additional funding per school year. This is higher than current inflation and follows on from a series of increases that have outstripped actual inflation. A total of $1.32 billion will be spent on operations grants in the coming financial year.

Supporting our most vulnerable students

The area of spending I’m particularly pleased with in this Budget is the extra assistance we’re providing for vulnerable students whether they have special education needs, or are otherwise at-risk of poor educational outcomes.

For special education students, we are spending a further $39.5 million to provide Ongoing Resourcing Scheme assistance to another 500 students with high and very high educational needs. The money will pay for specialists such as speech-language therapists, psychologists, physiotherapists and occupational therapists, and provides additional teacher time and teacher’s aide time.

This is backed up by a commitment of $23.3 million to provide Additional In-Class Support for a further 1,500 students with special education needs. This funding will provide teacher aide support for these students to help them reach their full potential. The funding in Budget 2015 is the first part of our commitment to extend this support to 4000 students over the next few years. Spending on special education has increased significantly in recent years - up 26 per cent from 2008, to about $530 million in 2013/14. The work on the streamlining of special education that is one of my priorities is aimed at ensuring that all this funding is targeted to where it needs to go and in a timely manner.

We are also committing a further $8.2 million dollars to three initiatives aimed at strengthening our support for at-risk and vulnerable students. These are the kids who stand to benefit the most from extra investment.

The Gateway Assessment Programme will get $4 million to ensure that another 3,800 needy children get access to the early childhood and schooling services that they need when they need them most.

We are also putting $4.2 million into two new initiatives trialling new approaches to supporting at-risk young New Zealanders - Year Nine Plus, and Count Me In.

The Year 9 Plus trial will invest $2.2 million into a new initiative assigning educational "champions" to 80 to 100 students and their siblings that evidence suggests are at risk of poor educational, employment or justice outcomes. The champions will work with the students, their schools and their families throughout their secondary schooling to see if early intervention increases their chances of achieving, at the minimum, the qualification of NCEA Level 2.

The Count Me In initiative will receive $2 million over the next two years to assist around 2,000 Māori and Pasifika 16-18 year olds who have left school to re-engage with education or begin vocational training that leads to a meaningful qualification at NCEA Level 2 or better.

Today the Under-Secretary for Education and I are also announcing that funding has been set aside in a contingency to establish two additional partnership schools. Partnership schools are not the solution to all of our students’ educational challenges but they are another option that allows us to re-connect with learners who have disengaged from the existing education system or are at risk of doing so. The new schools are expected to open in 2016 or 2017.

Outside of the Education portfolio, this Budget will also see an increase in the Childcare Assistance rate for those families that need it. The rate is being increased from $4 to $5 an hour and will apply to both the Childcare Subsidy for pre-schoolers and the OSCAR subsidy for out-of-school care and school holiday programmes. In a typical week during a school term the increase will deliver an average of $23 a week to 18,000 lower-income families. The higher subsidy will reduce costs for lower-income working parents who already use childcare and reduce barriers for parents moving off welfare and into work.

Raising achievement and student engagement in education

When we began Youth Guarantee, funding was provided for four years only. However, I’m pleased to announce a continuation of our commitment to support the sector in successfully implementing these initiatives. From fees-free tertiary study to Trades Academies and Vocational Pathways, the Youth Guarantee plays a significant role in improving engagement and raising achievement.

Budget 2015 includes an extra $16.6 million to improve student retention, further raise NCEA level 2 achievement and to enable more of our young people to successfully transition from secondary to tertiary education and on into employment.

To complement this, we are investing $8.6 million over the next four years so that up to 1200 students will gain access to Trades Academies between 2016 and 2019, as a result of this initiative.

Education payroll

We are also making a continuing investment to ensure the sustainability and efficient operation of the payroll system and to support schools to self-manage their payroll. The system is improving and error rates are now below the 0.5 per cent rate deemed acceptable by the Technical Review. We will continue to support schools to simplify payroll processes.

The education-wide funding system

We are also investing $17.7 million in the development of a new education-wide funding platform that will be more flexible, more agile and more able to respond to policy changes in a swift and seamless fashion.

Where the money comes from

Around 85 per cent of the operating cost of these initiatives is new funding. The rest - $64.9 million - will come from reprioritisation within Vote Education.

This is redirecting funds to places where they will have more impact on student achievement.

As the increases in operational grants to schools and funding for to support our most vulnerable students shows, we have been careful do this in a way that supports front-line teachers and targets areas of most need.

Conclusion

We’ve made great progress over the last several years, but we all know we’ve still got a number of challenges to overcome if we are to ensure that all young New Zealanders are able to enjoy the full benefits of a world-class education system.

You’ve spent a lot of time over the last day and a half thinking about where we need to go as an education sector, and how we can get there.

I am confident that the initiatives I’ve laid out for you today will provide some of the framework, opportunities and tools to improve educational achievement. But no government can do this by itself. We all need to work together.

We have a lot of work to do. And what you have done here is just the start. I want us to keep working together, as teachers, principals, board members, parents and students, to build a world class education system that we, and all New Zealanders, can be proud of.

Thank you for your time, your energy, your views and your commitment.

Hon Hekia Parata

Minister of Education

21 May 2015

Speech notes

Tim Thatcher at the MTG Hawke's Bay

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Give me shelter offers Hawke’s Bay audiences their first serious introduction to works by contemporary artist Tim Thatcher, who now resides in Napier.

Since graduating from Elam School of Fine Art in 2006 with a Master’s degree in Fine Arts, Thatcher has developed a strong interest in paint and the possibilities of the painted surface.

This series of works reflect Thatcher’s ongoing interest in sculpture, and particularly how he draws on sculpture and structure as subject matter for his paintings.

Thatcher offers us unique and thought-provoking paintings.

Thatcher talks about his journey and the works he has in his current exhibition.

Give me Shelter opened at MTG Hawke's Bay in March 2015

Floor talk MTG Hawke’s Bay 11am Sunday May 24. General museum admission.

Celebrated musician meets Hawke's Bay students keen to learn from her success.

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Celebrated rock musician and frontwoman for Fur Patrol, Julia Deans was at EIT last week working with students keen to learn from her success.

Programme coordinator for EIT’s Certificate in Contemporary Music Performance Tom Pierard invited the singer-songwriter to ideaschool to take part in workshops with students and to help polish their performances for the recently held Hawke’s Bay Sports Awards.

"Muscular regionalism" tipped for Hawke's Bays future.

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Demographic transformation is having a major impact on New Zealand’s regions - including Hawke’s Bay - and could the basis for building a new form of "muscular regionalism", says a Massey University researcher.

Distinguished Professor Paul Spoonley, a sociologist and media commentator on population, migration and employment issues, will be joined by colleagues as well as local business, community and youth leaders at the New New Zealand Forum next Monday.

Professor Spoonley will share findings from his recent research on demographic changes for New Zealand regions. These include the effects of an increase in the aging population, and what options these changes might offer for economic and social development.

Growing the "silver" economy to meet the needs of the increasing ageing population is a key priority. So is forging more collaboration between business, and education and training providers to ensure school leavers and job seekers have the relevant skills and knowledge, he adds.

While the proportion of people aged 65-plus will double to 20 per cent of the population over the next decade in Hawke’s Bay, the relative size of the younger cohort will decrease.

This trend is further emphasised by the departure from Hawke’s Bay of late teens and those aged 20-39 years as they seek higher education or employment elsewhere, says Professor Spoonley.

Migration - another factor - is critical, partly to supplement population stagnation and aging, and partly to recruit skills, he adds.

"The key point is that Hawke’s Bay is facing a very different future because of the demographic changes that are underway."

He says the key to creating what he terms "muscular regionalism" and coming up with workable solutions is "to understand how important these changes are - for service provision, for employment and as underpinning economic growth".

Dramatic though these changes appear, there are positive outlooks and options. "Why not address the issues with innovative options? Immigration policy settings address national needs but why shouldn’tHawke’s Bay develop a more pro-active - even aggressive - approach to attracting immigrants?"

Associate Professor Richard Shaw, head of the Politics Programme in Massey’s School of People, Environment and Planning, will discuss how the region might respond to the regional challenges resulting from demographic changes.

"One place we can go is the OECD which, following the global financial crisis has done extensive research trying to understand what works - and what doesn't - in attempts beef up regional economies."

He says human capital is central. "Specifically, reducing the proportion of people with low skills seems to matter more than increasing the number with very high skills."

But population density is not necessarily strongly associated with higher growth, he adds. "Simply putting large numbers of people in close proximity won’t solve the problem."

Another strategy to enhancing economic growth is to redesign political institutions and governance arrangements. "This can have a major bearing on success," Dr Shaw says. "Many cities and regions are still trying to use 19th century local boundaries and 20th century forms of government to shape and develop a 21st century global economy."

The forum will be introduced by Vice-Chancellor Steve Maharey and will conclude with a panel discussion on the research findings. Participantsl include Mayor Lawrence Yule (Hastings District Council and Local Government New Zealand President); Andrew Austin (Editor, Hawke’s Bay Today); Craig Foss (National Member of Parliament for Tukituki); Stuart Nash (Labour Member of Parliament for Napier); Meka Whaitiri (Laboour Member of Parliament for Ikaroa-Rāwhiti) and Max Cooper, School Leader, Havelock North High School.

Mr Maharey, Professor Spoonley and Dr Shaw will host the next New New Zealand Forum in New Plymouth on July 30.

Scientists discover Hawke's Bay is not the only region on shaky ground.

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Scientists have found evidence that two large ‘subduction’ earthquakes occurred under central New Zealand in the past 1000 years.

This is the first time that direct geological evidence has been found of subduction quakes occurring under central New Zealand. Scientists have previously found evidence of these quakes occurring under Hawke Bay.

The quakes under central New Zealand – the Cook Strait-Marlborough area - occurred 520 to 470 years ago and 880 to 800 years ago.

Scientists identified the quakes from sediment cores extracted from Big Lagoon, a large coastal lake east of Blenheim. Organic material from various levels in the cores was radiocarbon dated to provide estimates of when the quakes occurred.

The cores showed evidence of two sudden subsidence events during the past 1000 years where the land dropped by up to half a metre. Sudden large drops of this nature can only be caused by moderate-to-large earthquakes, and these two events did not match any known large earthquakes on nearby faults in the upper (Australian) plate.

The research is outlined in a paper in the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, published this week.

Lead author Kate Clark, of GNS Science, said the geological evidence pointed towards the two quakes occurring on the dipping subduction zone about 10km to 30km beneath the seabed in Cook Strait.

The current national seismic hazard model takes these types of earthquakes into account as it has always been assumed they could occur, but geological evidence was previously lacking.

“The findings are significant in terms of understanding earthquake and tsunami hazards in the lower North Island and upper South Island,” Dr Clark said.

Subduction earthquakes had the potential to be larger in magnitude than ‘upper plate fault ruptures’. They also affected a larger area and were more likely to trigger a tsunami.

Subduction quakes differ from normal quakes in that they occur on the under surface of the upper plate, where two plates meet, instead of on faults within the upper plate.

They are responsible for some of the biggest quakes – and tsunamis – in the world. Recent examples include the magnitude 9.0 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami in Japan in March 2011 and the magnitude 9.3 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami in December 2004.

The older of the two earthquakes identified at Big Lagoon was accompanied by a 3m-high tsunami that travelled inland about 360m at the study site. There was no evidence of a tsunami with the more recent of the two quakes.

Dr Clark said the more recent of the two quakes possibly correlated with a quake already identified further north on the central section of the Hikurangi margin (under Hawke Bay).

This raised the possibility that both central and southern sections of the margin may have ruptured in the same quake.

The evidence did not allow scientists to estimate the size of the two quakes, but quakes with similar impacts in comparable geological settings were in excess of magnitude 7.5.

Dr Clark said she and other scientists were investigating other locations in the lower North Island to find further evidence of subduction quakes. This could help to provide a better picture of how big these quakes might have been and how they impacted the region.

Subduction quakes were difficult to study because there were not many places in the landscape where records of their occurrence were preserved.

At a glance

  • For many years scientists have strongly suspected that the southern part of the Hikurangi Margin could rupture in an earthquake
  • This is the first time they have found direct geological evidence that this is the case
  • This type of quake (a subduction quake) is not a 'new' hazard. It is already accounted for in the National Seismic Hazard Model, which feeds into the building code and informs engineering standards
  • The evidence did not enable scientists to estimate magnitudes for the two quakes that were identified
  • Data from just two earthquakes is not enough for scientists to work out a robust recurrence interval for this type of quake
  • Subduction quakes are difficult to study because there are no many places in the landscape where their records are preserved.

The National Seismic Hazard Model is like a ‘black box’ of earthquake activity in New Zealand. It is a computer model that estimates the likely strength of earthquake ground-shaking an area can expect over a defined period, typically periods such as 50 years or 500 years. The two main components of the model are knowledge of all of New Zealand’s active faults and the record of New Zealand’s earthquakes for the past 160 years. Data from the NSHM feeds into the Building Code. In simple terms, the ground-shaking that subduction earthquakes can generate is accounted for in modern engineering standards.

In 2006 scientists studying sediment cores from Ahuriri Lagoon in Napier found evidence of seven earthquakes in the past 7000 years, one of which at 600-400 years ago, was probably a subduction earthquake.

The Kids 4 Drama group are returning to Hawke's Bay

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The Kids 4 Drama group will be returning to Hawke’s Bay primary schools for two weeks from Monday 18 May.

Kids 4 Drama is a performing arts school and theatre in education production company based in Auckland. The young actors in Kids4Drama are students themselves and develop shows to perform in schools to encourage students to think about various environmental themes.

Kids 4 Drama will be visiting 24 of the region’s schools. This production is a version of last year’s show about reducing waste and cleaning up our water, land and air, which Kids 4 Drama is taking to more schools.

"Each year local children really enjoy these fun and informative productions. They relate well to learning about environmental messages from children not much older than themselves," says HBRC’s community engagement coordinator, Sally Chandler.

Kids 4 Drama has been popular with Hawke’s Bay schools for eight years, as they provide school children with an opportunity to see a live theatre performance and think about some of the big issues in their communities.

The productions are supported here by Hawke’s Bay Regional Council, Hastings District Council, Napier City Council, Wairoa District Council and Central Hawke’s Bay District Council.

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